Myanmar has been under the rule of the military since it has seized the power. It was a very little duration when Myanmar was under democratic rule. On February 1, 2021, a military coup took place that was not expected by anyone. This coup controlled Myanmar and stopped the ruling party that had won with Consensus from coming into action. But what was the real reason behind it? How it all took place? Let’s understand all the concepts precisely so that you can have a better idea of the situation of Myanmar.
What led to the military coup in Myanmar?
The military coup in Myanmar occurred after the elections took place in November 2020. The results of this election declared NLD as the ruling party. But the military has alleged that the elections didn’t reasonably take place. They have demanded the election commission to relook on the votes cast but their appeal was rejected. So, to sweep the NLD from taking charge of the ruling authority, a military coup has occurred.
How was the coup carried out?
The coup was carried out very unexpectedly in Myanmar. Various leaders of NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi were arrested in a raid during the coup. The roads were blocked and the internet service slowed down in Myanmar. Various TV channels and news reports went off the air and then the army’s TV station has revealed that they have carried out a coup in the country. They declared a state of emergency for the nation for a year. This series of events took place during the coup.
How are people protesting and what has been the military’s response?
The people were protesting in a very peaceful manner when the military took its control. But, as soon as the military killed the demonstrators, the peaceful protest took the shape of civil disobedience. The military was not showing any courtesy towards the demonstrators and this has exaggerated the civilians of the nation. The military in response to the people’s protest has killed a large number of people in Myanmar.
What led protestors to take up arms?
Protestors were making peaceful protests against the military as they were not happy with the coup. But, after so many efforts still, nothing was working for them. So, they decided to take up the arms. They made the barricades in the city to protect themselves from the military’s violence. They have also started taking warfare training so that they can stand against the military. People were in want of democracy therefore this coup has devastated them to a great extent forcing them to take the help of arms.
Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?
Aung San Suu Kyi is the daughter of the hero of Myanmar’s independence. She came into power in 2016 after the first democratic elections took place in Myanmar. This was not bearable to the military in the country. This led Aung San Suu Kyi to spend almost 15 years under house arrest. Her persistent efforts and love for the country have made her an international icon that bore her the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. But her image was not the same when she defended the army against the Rohingya.
Why is Aung San Suu Kyi on trial?
Aung San Suu Kyi was on trial because she was accused of violating the importing restrictions. She was accused of possessing foreign equipment and walkie-talkies that were banned in the country. She was also charged for violating the COVID-19 norms. The trial is expected to take place for the whole year so that Aung San Suu Kyi remains detained.
Who is Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing?
Senior General. Min Aung Hlaing is the military’s chief who has got all the powers after the coup. He was about to retire from his power this summer, but he was in fear that once he lost the power he would be prosecuted. He has carried out various campaigns against the minority groups in the country during his control.
What has been the international reaction?
The international responses to the coup were not very promising. Various leaders of other countries condemned this coup and they urged the release of Aung San Suu Kyi with other leaders that were detained. People were not happy with it and they wanted that the decision of elections should not be ruled out.
With Myanmar’s military coup, the people’s anger has busted out. They were in the hopes of a democratic country but the coup has shattered their dreams. People are protesting for their rights and don’t want the administration of the military. On the other hand, the military is trying to convince the people that this coup was carried only for the welfare of the country. No one knows what is waited for Myanmar’s future. Hope this stressed situation will sort out easily so that Myanmar also becomes a peaceful nation.