1. More sustainable supply chains
Global supply chains have been in the spotlight since lockdown disrupted factories, closed borders and reduced the number of passenger flights able to carry freight.
This is resulting in a significant overhaul of the status quo. Indeed, a McKinsey survey of 60 senior supply chain executives found that 93% of them are planning to increase the level of resilience across their supply chains.
There has been much discussion about the shortening of supply chains, reshoring or near-shoring, and emerging hubs of manufacturing such as the Philippines, Hungary or Costa Rica.
I would like to focus here, however, on the potential of technology to help reduce the carbon footprint of supply chains. In the McKinsey survey, 85% of respondents struggled with insufficient digital technologies in the supply chain, while 90% now intend to increase digital supply chain talent in-house.
Let’s use this moment, then, not only to drive reliability and security of supplies, but also to put sustainability at the heart of rebuilding our supply chains.
In the shipping industry, for example, let’s accelerate the efforts to find commercially viable deep-sea vessels that run on zero-emission fuels, while simultaneously embracing the digitalization of ports so that ships can travel at the speed that allows optimal fuel efficiency.
Blockchain, too, will help drive efficiency, reducing both bureaucracy and CO2 emissions. One example from my region is the connection of two independent blockchain platforms that allowed Hong Kong-based Bee Dee Industries to send a shipment to one of Landmark Group’s retail brands in the UAE.
This is expected to be a blueprint for future blockchain-powered cross-border shipments in the retail industry, dramatically reducing transaction times. It matters because it frees up ships, thereby reducing the need for a greater number of cargo flights, which are more harmful to the environment.
2. Enhanced green finance practices
From solar power farms to flood defences, the world needs to build more sustainable infrastructure. And to build it, we need to have specific targets on the issuance of green finance.
Some of the world’s poorest countries are often those suffering most from the ravages of climate change. We need to adopt a multilateral approach – with governments, the private sector and NGOs coming together to finance green projects.
Building a sustainable future can’t happen without economic growth. And to help growth flourish, we must resist the temptation to be protectionist and self-serving, but rather work towards greater integration, deregulation and free movement of goods.
At the same time, the private sector should collectively agree on a common set of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) metrics to promote green finance. I believe we should introduce science-based targets on carbon emissions, while also adopting the guidelines being developed by the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures.
By allowing investors, lenders, insurers and other stakeholders to have knowledge and transparency around the climate-related implications of specific initiatives, the flow of money will be directed away from polluting projects and towards those with a positive impact on communities and indeed the wider world.
Once those metrics are established, I also believe that we should integrate sustainability reporting into financial updates as a matter of course. As seen during the coronavirus, the purpose of companies has moved beyond profit to helping create a better world. Our financial results should reflect this reality.
3. Advanced social innovation
Finally, sustainability also means creating a fairer world for everyone, making our communities more equitable, accessible and inclusive. Without this, we risk alienating the young, deepening the digital divide and leaving many behind, creating more divisions when we should be coming together rather than drawing apart.
I believe the private sector has a massive role here in supporting start-ups in the social innovation space at the same time as helping ensure everyone has access to the digital tools they need. Microsoft, for example, has launched an initiative to help 25 million people worldwide acquire the digital skills needed in a COVID-19 economy.
But it’s not just the tech companies who can help here. By lending our expertise and backing to entrepreneurs, we can bolster the start-up ecosystems wherever we are. One innovative project that has caught my eye is Liter of Light, which teaches marginalized communities how to use recycled plastic bottles to create a solar-powered lantern, transforming homes, businesses and streets with limited or no access to electricity. It is an example of empowering grassroots entrepreneurs, and its work has now spread to 15 countries and 353,000 homes worldwide.
The World Economic Forum has its own network of Young Global Leaders seeking to bring about positive change, with myriad different projects, including cracking down on corruption through open data initiatives, sharing knowledge between small-scale farmers, using biomass to create green synthetic fuels or developing plant-based protein alternatives. The well-established private sector must actively support these entrepreneurs, so that more transformative innovation is realized.